Home Politics Are the voters collapsing, disaffection from politics or a crisis of democracy?

Are the voters collapsing, disaffection from politics or a crisis of democracy?


The first round of the October administrative elections ended, which for now has seen the center-left prevail in three large cities (Milan, Naples and Bologna) and the center-right in the Calabria Region. Worrying is the decline of the Cinquestelle, which greatly reduce the electoral success found five years ago with the Appendino in Turin and with Virginia Raggi in the capital, and which have not so far been favorably affected by the effect due to the investiture of former premier Giuseppe Conte. But the most worrying figure is that of abstention . There was a decrease in attendance at the polling stations of 7-8% compared to the last administrative ones ( 47% against 54%).

Abstentionism was affected in terms of results above all by the center-right which recorded a breakdown of the block, which appeared united on previous occasions. Salvini partially admitted defeat by acknowledging that he moved late and involving off-peak characters, while Meloni, always skilled at dribbling arguments unfavorable to her, highlighted the achieved primacy of her party in some colleges. From the results that emerged we can see a decline in interest in populism and sovereignty and a return to progressive and inclusive forces (see the successes of Lepore in Bologna and Manfredi in Naples) while the internal diatribes of the Cinquestelle (the “clarification” of June with Grillo all investiture of Conte) were paid at a heavy price (see the collapse of Rome and Turin, where an exploit occurred just five years ago).

The decision of Prime Minister Draghi meant that in seven months of government there was a 6% increase in GDP, that the vaccination campaign proceeded at a rapid pace, that 25 billion was collected in advance from the Recovery Fund and the PNRR started. Draghi has often resorted to decree laws , also to deal with the pandemic, which has not yet left us , almost all (95%) converted into law within the terms. Well, he is accused of having used it too many times: about twenty in the first five months of government; to do a bit of statistics, the average dl adopted by Draghi is 4.20 decrees per month, while Count II had issued 3.25 and previously Read 2.75 and count I and Renzi 1.75; but it was not in Covid era.

Already Conte found himself at the beginning of the pandemic wave had repeatedly resorted to the DPCM, that is, urgent decrees issued by the Prime Minister and he too had been harshly criticized, despite our country, although first overwhelmed by the pandemic and massively, it had been an example followed by other European states. Now Prime Minister Draghi has preferred the decree-laws to the Prime Minister’s Decree as the former, even if they enter into force immediately, must be discussed by Parliament and converted into law in the following sixty days. Even if this period of time is often not sufficient for an in-depth examination, the Chambers have the possibility to convert them into law or not. But even in this case there are criticisms not only from the opposition, but often also from the so-called government allies who, together with journalists and opinion leaders create a crossfire on the executive. Thus we come to speak of a “crisis of democracy”, delegitimization of Parliament and centralization of powers.

Added to this is the greater use of referendums, since the collection of signatures through the Spid has been allowed. The easier adoption of the referendum institution, while favoring the direct participation of the people, also denotes a diminution of the legislative body par excellence, constituted by the Parliament. But are we sure that politicians are immune from blame in all this? If certain party representatives find nothing better than to caciara on television talk shows and oppose even the most obvious and common sense measures, this attitude leads the electorate to change the channel, that is to become sick of witnessing the spurious and fruitless quarrel and therefore to disaffection from politics. So before pronouncing sentences of the “crisis of democracy” tenor, I would rather speak of rejection of a certain policy.

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